Proteinuria

Proteinuria

Proteinuria is a leakage of protein from the blood into urine. It’s usually an early sign of kidney damage. Symptoms of proteinuria include frothy urine which can be tested with a simple dipstick test. You may also notice swelling in the body as a result of water retention. 

Most common causes of proteinuria include: 

  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Minimal change nephritis
  • Infections
  • Immune related kidney conditions
  • Obesity
  • The amount of protein in urine can be measured by testing the protein-creatinine ratio or PCR. Further testing like biopsy, ultrasound and blood tests will be needed to be done to find the cause of protein leak in urine
  • Most of the conditions  causing  proteinuria can be controlled with medications and life style changes  but some cases can progress to kidney failure.
  • Treatment of Proteinuria includes managing blood pressure, sugar levels, cholesterol and a number of other factors.