Hypertension​

Hypertension

If someone has reduced kidney function then high blood pressure can be especially damaging. Effective treatment of blood pressure is one of the most important things doctors can do to keep people well with stable kidney function, and reduce chances of heart attack or stroke.

Problems that high blood pressure can cause:
  • Kidney damage
  • Heart disease or stroke
  • Hardening and narrowing of arteries anywhere in the body, this could lead to reduce blood flow and gangrene in the feet, or problems with blood flow to the eyes

Treating high blood pressure:

Although drugs are often used to treat high blood pressure, they will not work properly if someone does not take general measures to help themselves. For some people with high blood pressure, these general measures may be enough to normalise the blood pressure without the need to use drugs.

    • Lose weight
    • Reduce the amount of salt in the diet
    • Reduce alcohol
    • Include moderate exercise
Drugs to treat blood pressure are generally used if the blood pressure is 140/80 or more despite the above measures, with the aim being to get the blood pressure down to 130/80, or 120/80 if someone has diabetes or heavy proteinuria.