Patients with end stage kidney failure are suitable for a transplant, provided you are considered to be suitable after assessment by your doctor at a renal transplant hospital .If you have relative who is willing to donate kidney and is considered to be suitable then you can go ahead with Living related Renal transplant
If you do not have suitable donors in the family then you will be registered for cadaveric Transplantation in the Jeevandhan scheme.
Where is a kidney transplant placed?
The normal position for transplant is low down in the abdomen, well away from the position of normal kidneys. The transplant sits under the skin, and can be felt under the skin if you press hard, just above the pelvic brim – the pelvic brim is the bone you can feel just above the pocket on a pair of trousers. It is not necessary, therefore, to remove someone’s own, failed kidneys in order to do a transplant.
There are few exceptions like when these kidneys are often infected, and they need to be removed at a renal transplant hospital before the transplant as they might cause problems after. Also, some people with polycystic kidneys have such large kidneys that there is no room in the side to put a transplant, so that one of the polycystic kidneys must be removed.
Testing for viruses
Before anyone can be put forward for a transplant at a renal transplant hospital, they will have to be tested for various viruses. These include HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and cytomegalovirus.
Other tests for transplant suitability
These include an electrocardiogram, an echocardiogram and a chest X-ray. Kidney patients who are diabetic also have a treadmill test or a cardiac Angiogram.
Life after Transplant
Once the operation is done and the kidney is functioning well ,you will attend the renal transplant hospital frequently for the first three months.
It is usual to take three months off work after a transplant, you should discuss with your doctor .You should avoid any work which involves a lot of exposure to people with infections, or heavy lifting that might put direct pressure on the transplanted kidney.
Sport and fitness: Exercise is recommended for people with transplants Please discuss first with your doctors exactly what you want to do.
Diet: Diet can be relaxed after a transplant, but not usually straight away! However, it is important to watch what you eat as you may have an increased risk of weight gain after transplant.
Fluid restrictions are usually not needed after a transplant. Make sure you know how much your fluid intake should be. Sometimes the transplanted kidney makes too much urine, so drinking large amounts of fluid is needed.
How long does a transplant last?
A kidney transplant does not last forever.