Best 5 tips to control High Blood Pressure by Top Nephrologist in Hyderabad
WHAT IS BLOOD PRESSURE?
Any Nephrologist in Hyderabad Says that
Each time the heartbeats, it pumps blood around the body. The pressure of blood inside the blood vessels is at its highest after each heartbeat, and this is called systolic blood pressure. The lowest pressure in between heartbeats is called diastolic blood pressure. Blood vessels in the body are elastic, so they stretch and relax during each heartbeat.
WHAT IS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?
The current definition of high blood pressure is blood pressure greater than 140/90mmHg. (Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure) If someone has diabetes and protein in the urine, many doctors would give treatment if the blood pressure was greater than 130/80. During the later stages of pregnancy, the blood pressure should not rise significantly and a BP of greater than130/ 90mmHg may merit treatment.
HOW SHOULD THE BLOOD PRESSURE BE MEASURED?
The blood pressure varies from minute to minute, according to the demands on circulation and the need for blood and oxygen to be delivered around the body. Stress can cause high blood
pressure, and this is a particular problem when people come to have their blood pressure measured in a hospital or clinic and have a check with any of the Top Nephrologist in Hyderabad.
Therefore the blood pressure should be measured after someone has been sitting quietly for a few minutes. If someone measures their blood pressure at a home 2-3 times a day for a week and
keeps a written record of the exact results, this is often more useful than blood pressure levels taken in a clinic or hospital.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?
The majority of people with high blood pressure have an inherited tendency to the condition. Any type of kidney disease may lead to high blood pressure. This is especially important as high blood
pressure can damage the kidneys further, causing a vicious circle of progressive high blood pressure and kidney damage.
There are other causes of high blood pressure, such as hormonal conditions, which are very rarely seen in younger people with high blood pressure. A young person who develops high blood pressure and who has no kidney disease and no family history of high blood pressure may have a series of tests performed by a hospital specialist to see if there is a treatable cause for high blood pressure.
WHAT PROBLEMS CAN HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CAUSE?
However, getting good treatment of blood pressure is very important to reduce the chances of developing these problems. If someone has reduced kidney function then high blood pressure can be especially damaging, and effective treatment of blood pressure is one of the most important things doctors can do to keep people well with stable kidney function, and reduced chances of heart attack or stroke. Problems that high blood pressure can cause:-
1. Kidney damage, especially if the high blood pressure is caused by kidney disease
2. Stroke/bleeding in the brain is more likely to occur with high blood pressure.
3. Heart disease may occur, either thickening of the heart muscle because it has to work too hard, or because of narrowing of the arteries supplying the heart, leading to a heart attack.
4. Damage to arteries in the eye causing visual problems
HOW SHOULD HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE BE TREATED?
Tips from Top Nephrologist in Hyderabad
Although drugs are often used to treat high blood pressure, they will not work properly if someone does not take general measures to help themselves. For some people with high blood pressure,
these general measures may be enough to normalize their blood pressure without the need to use drugs.
The general measures are:- Given by the best and top Nephrologist in Hyderabad
1. Lose weight. If someone is overweight, the blood pressure will be reduced if they lose a significant amount of weight.
2. Reduce the amount of salt in the diet.
3. Regular alcohol consumption may cause a slight increase in blood pressure, and people should stop /reduce Alcohol intake
4. Take some regular moderate-intensity exercise.
5. Stop smoking
Drugs to treat blood pressure are generally used if the blood pressure is 140/90 or more despite the above measures, with the aim being to get the blood pressure down to 130/80, or 120/80 if
someone has diabetes or heavy proteinuria.
There are many different types of blood pressure drugs, and your Nephrologist/doctors will choose whichever one suits you best
WHY CAN THE BLOOD PRESSURE GO OUT OF CONTROL DURING TREATMENT?
The commonest cause for this is someone stops taking their tablets regularly. This may occur for a variety of reasons, such as a feeling that the tablets are giving side effects or a belief that
because someone feels well that treatment is no longer needed. Most people who do not take their medication all the time are reluctant to admit this to their doctors. But doctors know a lot of people do not take all their drugs. There is nothing to be ashamed of if someone is forgetful about their medication, or just does not like taking it – it is better to tell the doctor.
SHOULD I BUY A HOME BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING MACHINE?
Home blood pressure monitors have become increasingly accurate over the years, and cheaper. Those that use a cuff around the upper arm are probably the best. If someone does buy their own
machine and checks the blood pressure a couple of times a week, writing down the exact readings to show their doctor, gives the best measurement of what the blood pressure is in normal day-to-day life.